Article 15 comes under Part III of the Constitution of India. This part includes information about the fundamental rights of the Indian citizens. Article 15 was introduced to further the Right to Equality which is one of the fundamental rights of the citizens of our country.
As per Article 15, the State as well as its citizens cannot discriminate based on a person’s caste, sex, religion, race or place of birth. The article further says that the State has the right to make special provisions to uplift the weaker section of the society.
SHORT ESSAY ON ARTICLE 15 – ESSAY 200 WORDS
Article 15 of the Indian Constitution bars discrimination on the basis of a person’s caste, race, religion, sex or place of birth. As per this article neither the State nor its citizens can discriminate based on the aforementioned five factors as this is essential for building a better society where people enjoy equal rights.
Practicing discrimination based on these five factors is a punishable offence under the Indian law. Many organizations and institutions in the country have laws that discourage people from practicing such discrimination.
Article 15 also allows the State to create some special provisions that uplift the position of women, children, and people belonging to the scheduled caste, scheduled tribes and socially and economically backward classes.
India is a democratic country. Thus, people have the right to express their opinion and question the authority in a lawful manner; however, they need to abide by the set constitutional law until the case is closed in their favour.
Various clauses of Article 15 have been challenged by people and certain changes have been made based on the same in the past. Champakam Dorairajan vs. the State of Madras was one such case. Sometimes, such cases change the laws for good and at other times, the importance of the existing laws is emphasized. Either ways, it is good for the state as well as the citizens.